Patrick

How-to Guide Create a Proxmox VE 5.0 All-in-One with Docker

This guide has how to create a KVM/ LXC virtualization host that also has Ceph storage and ZFS storage built-in. The same host will also have access to bare metal Docker-ce containers using Portainer as a GUI management.

Video:

Main site post: Create the Ultimate Virtualization and Container Setup (KVM, LXC, Docker) with Management GUIs

Instructions:

1. Install Proxmox VE 5.0
2. Make the following sources adjustments so you can update:

To fix this first add the no subscription sources:
Code:
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list
add:
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian stretch pve-no-subscription
Then remove the enterprise source:
Code:
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list
comment out (add a # symbol in front) of this line:
# deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian stretch pve-enterprise
Code:
apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade -y
3. Reboot
4. Install docker-ce:
Code:
apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg2 software-properties-common
curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | apt-key add -
apt-key fingerprint 0EBFCD88
add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian $(lsb_release -cs) stable"
apt-get update && apt-get install docker-ce -y
You should now be able to do docker ps and see no containers are running.

5. Install Portainer with a persistent container
Just for ease of getting started, we are going to make a directory on the boot drive. You should move this to other storage, but this makes it simple for a guide:
Code:
mkdir /root/portainer/data
Install Portainer for a Docker WebGUI
Code:
docker run -d -p 9000:9000 --restart always -v /root/portainer/data:/data -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock portainer/portainer
Again, make the directory on ZFS storage or similar, not in the root directory.

Wait about 15-30 seconds after you see Portainer start (you can check docker ps to see status.)

6. Your logins:
Code:
Proxmox GUI: https://<serverip>:8006
Portainer GUI: http://<serverip>:9000
7. Configure Docker to restart on boot:
Code:
sudo systemctl enable docker
At this point, you now have a GUI for everything you might want.
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